FUT and FUE transplant methods are both effective hair transplant options. But the primary difference is that in FUT, the surgeon will remove a strip of skin from the donor area and extract individual hair follicles for transplant to the area with hair loss or thinning hair. However, in FUE hair transplant Turkey, the surgeon will remove individual hair follicles from the scalp before the transplant.
Hair transplant procedures are unique techniques used to extract hair follicles from a part of the body, called the donor site, to a thinning section called the recipient area. Generally, the procedure treats male pattern baldness.
Over 50 – 60% of men experience hair loss and androgenetic alopecia, but a hair transplant offers a permanent solution for the affected area.
Hair transplant with individual hairs from the scalp first became available in 1939 in Japan. Over time, medical experts introduce the plug method for transplanting large hair follicles, then hair transplant with mini and minor sprouts.
The main hair transplant methods include follicular unit transplant (FUT), also called the strip method, and follicular unit extraction (FUE). These methods are effective and have a high success rate.
Hair transplant procedures
Most patients undergo FUT or FUE procedures. These hair transplant methods give visible hair growth within 3 – 6 months but cause different types of scarring.
Different factors determine the procedure you choose. They include:
- The hair loss pattern
- Size of the thinning area
- The amount and quality of hair in the donor area
- The scarring from the transplant.
How do FUE and FUT work?
FUE and FUT require placing extracted hair grafts in small incisions on the recipient area. In both procedures, the hair transplant surgeon will work with precision to distribute and position the hair follicles in the incision to ensure they fit the patient’s existing hair pattern.
The procedures involve using an implanter device or micro-punch tool to insert the hair grafts. Storing and handling the hair follicles is important to avoid damaging them and reducing their viability.
Another similarity between the FUE and FUT methods is they require the same donor area, where hair is genetically determined to grow throughout life.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
FUE hair transplant uses follicles from the donor area, usually the back or sides of the head. The surgeon will use a micro-punch tool to extract each hair graft. The scarring resulting from FUE is round and tiny, usually with a diameter of one millimetre.
The surgeon can extract hundreds or thousands of follicles with the punch tool, depending on the extraction method. After healing, the puncture scars from the extraction are similar to tiny white dots. Each scar holds 1 – 4 hair strands.
FUE is also an outpatient procedure requiring local anaesthesia. The surgeon will implant the hair into small incisions on the recipient area during the procedure. This process may take hours or several appointments in a few days. However, it doesn’t involve stitches and the recovery period is short.
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT)
FUT procedure involves extracting a strip of skin from the scalp on the donor area, which is often the same as the FUE method. After removing the skin strip, they will stitch the donor area, leaving a straight line on the area. In some cases, the scar may extend from ear to ear.
They will make micro incisions on the recipient area and insert hair follicles from the skin strip. You will have an appointment ten days after FUT to remove the stitches. FUT requires local anaesthesia and is an outpatient procedure. FUT may cause swelling and pain, but the level of discomfort varies between patients.
The suitability of the donor area depends on the available hair per centimetre square in the area.
Advantages and disadvantages
The right procedure for you will depend on your issues and specific needs. FUE and FUT have their advantages and disadvantages. For example, FUT is a more sophisticated procedure, but both procedures give excellent results.
The following are the advantages and disadvantages of hair transplant procedures.
Advantages of FUE
- It causes little or no scarring on the scalp following recovery
- Recovery time is short, within 5 – 7 days
- It is suitable for people who want to wear their hair short
Disadvantages of FUE
- It takes more time, particularly for the graft extraction
- It costs more than FUT
Advantages of FUT
- It is perfect for people that need more hair grafts. The hair yield is higher than FUE, which is an advantage for people that need fuller hair after their hair restoration
- You can carry out the procedure with partial shaving, so you can hide the scar with your remaining hair after the procedure
- Require less time. Generally, FUT lasts for 4 – 12 hours, depending on the size of the donor area and the grafts needed for transplantation, while FUE takes about 10 hours or more and even more than one day because the recipient area may need over 2000 hair grafts
- FUT is less expensive than FUE.
Disadvantages of FUT
- The recovery period is longer, usually 10 – 14 days
- You need to cover the visible scar, even with new techniques for stitching that ensure less scar visibility
How does scalp micro-pigmentation help in FUT and FUE scarring?
Scarring from hair transplant surgery is unavoidable, particularly the linear scar at the back of the head from FUT. For FUE hair transplant, the scars appear as white dots. Before undergoing a hair transplant, ensure you consider the surgeon’s experience and skin, as these factors may affect your level of scarring.
Scalp micro-pigmentation (SMP) uses a stippling pattern tattoo similar to hair follicles cut close to the scalp. This technique is relatively new and addresses the cosmetic issue arising from hair loss.
This procedure can also cover scars and is becoming an increasingly popular solution for hair loss, such as an apropos scalp.
How does micro-pigmentation work?
Concealing hair transplant involves inserting several microdots into the scalp. They use follicular units to fill the scar and surrounding spaces to ensure proper concealment and blending of the scar. The FUT procedure scars can be concealed to have an even tone with the donor area.
After the initial session, there will be a visible difference between the treated area and fresh scar tissue. By the second session, the pigmentation will cover the treated area better. Generally, the scar tissues will match other areas of the follicular units after the second session.
Scarring from hair transplantation
Scarring after hair transplant treatment is unavoidable, but about 30% of people use scalp micro-pigmentation to conceal the scars.
Scar tissues have fibrous tissues, and it’s a natural process for healing and supplanting the damaged area. Many people who undergo hair transplant surgery are concerned about the scars, but you can reduce the visibility of your scars with the SMP procedure.
FUE and FUT hair transplant procedures are available at Turkey Hair Transplants Clinic. Call us today on 020 7371 9175 to book an appointment with our experienced hair transplant surgeon for a consultation.